Duan Guangqinj was a Chinese magistrate who lived about a hundred years ago. He was famed for the fairness of his judgments.
One day while the magistrate was walking through a market he saw a crowd outside a poultry shop. On enquiring what the matter was he learnt that a peasant had accidentally dropped a heavy sack on a chicken, crushing it to death.
The chicken was small, worth only about five coins, but the owner of the shop had caught the peasant by his throat and was demanding a hundred.
His argument was that the chicken would have grown into a plump bird in another two years and then it would have fetched him the amount he was asking for.
Somebody recognized the magistrate, and everybody made way for him.