Kibera Slum in Nairobi, Kenya

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Kibera slum is located in Nairobi, Kenya. It one of the biggest and the poorest African slum with a population of around one million.

Kibera Facts, Location, Map

The Kenyan Government has attempted to help Kibera residents with little success. There are no title deeds, no sewage lines, no running water, no proper roads, no government schools and hospitals and very little government services.

The locals often illegally tap electricity and any attempt to lay water pipes is met with disapproval and uprooting of the infrastructure including the railway line.

The few brand new houses that the government built for the slum dwellers in a neighboring land were quickly rented out to outsiders and the new owners went back to live in the slum and wait for the monthly rent.

Most houses here are wooden shacks with a mud floor and a tin roof - no toilets or running water.

The Kibera slum gets its daily water needs in jerrycans sold by by private dealers. They lay their own hosepipes in the mud, and charge exorbitantly for the commodity from the several distribution points they have set up.

Shared bathrooms are provided by local entrepreneurs at a cost. Those unable to pay often use polythene bags in what is widely known as the "Kibera Flying Toilets."

The available schools have been started mostly by NGO’s and the hospitals and clinics are either NGO or private.

The schools in this Nairobi slum will usually have mud/dirt floors, grey mud walls and old school wooden pews. The classes may be the size of your lounge and have as many as 30 kids and no adequate books, pens, pencils or other writing materials.

The inhabitants of Kibera live on less than two dollars a day. Often they do not have enough money to pay the school fees or buy food and medicine.

There is a high rate of HIV and AIDS.

Aids prevention and Sexual Health education for Street children and slum children is desperately needed in Nairobi slums like Kibera.

Volunteer opportunities available in Kibera include Children Orphanage Volunteers Program, Medical and Health Volunteer Program and Volunteer in Kenya Teaching Program.

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    History of Nairobi

    Nairobi is the capital of Kenya and the largest city in Kenya and East Africa.

    The city and its surrounding area also form the Nairobi County.

    The name "Nairobi" comes from the Masai phrase Enkare Nyirobi, which translates to "the place of cool waters".

    However, it is popularly known as the "Green City in the Sun".

    During Kenya's colonial period, the city became a center for the colony's coffee, tea and sisal industry.

    The city lies on the Nairobi River, in the south of the nation, and has an elevation of 1795 meters above sea-level.

    Nairobi is the most populous city in East Africa, with a current estimated population of about 4 million.

    Nairobi is currently the 10th largest city in Africa.

    Nairobi is now one of the most prominent cities in Africa politically and financially.

    Home to many companies and organizations, including the United Nations Environment Programme and the UN Office in Africa, Nairobi is established as a hub for business and culture.

    The Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE) is one of the largest in Africa, ranked fourth in terms of trading volume and capable of making 10 million trades a day.

    Between 1896 and 1898, the Uganda Railway Company paid for by the British laid railway tracks from Mombasa to Nairobi.

    Built under tremendous human hardship, 600 miles long and six years to build, “The Lunatic Line” transformed East Africa, and by 1907, Nairobi had become the new capital. Situated 100 miles south of the Equator, and 300 miles west of the Indian Ocean at an elevation of 5,500 feet, Nairobi’s pleasant climate has been an important factor in its booming success.

    The nights are cool, the days are warm, the temperature rarely exceeds 75 degrees and humidity is low The beauty of Nairobi greets the visitor already from the air sighting the colorful Bougainvillea lining avenues, highways, and the beautiful Jacaranda Trees blossoming everywhere.

    An oasis of modern conveniences, Nairobi offers the visitor an array of high class hotels and excellent restaurants and an abundance of African culture and art.

    It is a virtual Spice for shopping which often start with a visit to a local Safari Outfitter for a custom-fit Safari Suit.

    In addition to many smart boutiques and art galleries, the shopping experience will include traditional colourful outdoor African markets, and while on Safari, the warm and friendly tribal roadside vendors welcome negotiating their prices with you.

    Among the many Kenyan artefacts offered are Masai tribal ornaments and spears, hand woven sisal baskets and bags, as well as a dazzling array of batiks, multi-coloured fabrics, and pottery and ebony carvings.

    Elegant jewellery, gems and corals are plentiful and inexpensive and Kenya offers unexpected items such as colonial furniture and antique Arabian doors.

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