Indigenous Plough

It is an animal drawn plough. It penetrates into the soil and breaks it open.

It

forms V shaped furrows with 15-20 cm top width and 12-15 cm depth.

It can be used for
ploughing in dry land, garden land and wetlands.

The size of the plough is represented
by the width of the body and the field capacity is around 0.4 ha per day of 8 hours. The
functional components include share, body, shoe, handle and beam.

Except share all
other parts are made up of wood. In villages local artisans make the plough and supply
to the farmers.

These ploughs are also called as country ploughs


Indigenous plough
Share - It is the working part of the plough attached to the shoe with which it
penetrates into the soil and breaks it open.


Shoe - It supports and stabilizes the plough at the required depth.
Body - It is the main part of the plough to which the shoe, beam and handle are
attached.

In country ploughs both body and shoe are made in a single piece of wood..
Beam - It is a long wooden piece, which connects the main body of the plough to
the yoke.
Handle - A wooden piece vertically attached to the body to enable the operator
to control the plough while it is working
In each state farmers use indigenous ploughs of their own make.


Operational adjustments
a.) Lowering or raising the free end of the beam with respect to the plough body
results in an increase or decrease in the share angle with respect to the horizontal
surface which in turn increase or decrease the depth of ploughing.


b.) Changing the length of the beam between plough body and yoke of the
animals will also alter the depth of ploughing.

Reducing the beam length will decrease
the depth of cut and vice versa.

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