UNICEF National Individual Consultancy for the Development of Career Guidance Pathways in Rwanda

UNICEF National Individual Consultancy for the Development of Career Guidance Pathways in Rwanda


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Context of School to Work Transition


  • School to work transition is not linear, as young people may be studying while holding jobs, may go back to school after work, start off in irregular employment and then transition to regular employment etc. School to work transition should rather be seen as a process which enables young people to move from education to productive and decent work. This process includes preparing young people for transition whereby young people have access to and can develop the skills (i.e. knowledge, competencies, attitudes and qualifications) required by the labour market to secure, retain and thrive in productive and decent employment, and adapt to the evolving economy.

  • Rwanda needs young labor market entrants who are equipped with practical and employable skills in line with the needs of employers and the market, and who are flexible and adaptive to spearhead the economic and technological transformation that will carry Rwanda to middle income country status.

  • An analysis was undertaken to determine the employability of students after each level of education (primary, secondary, and tertiary) by the National Institute for Statistics Rwanda (NISR), through the annual Labour Force Survey Report (2018). The majority of those employed have completed secondary-level education, followed by tertiary-level and then primary-level education. Moreover, there is significant disparity between the unemployment levels of adolescents and adults, where adolescents are more than twice as likely to be unemployed.

  • The National Tracer Survey for TVET and Higher Education Graduates and Employer Satisfaction of March 2019 found that concerning the employment status of TVET graduates, the employment rate within 6 months after graduation was 64.9% in TVET schools and 75.2% in polytechnics. As for the underemployment rate, 40.6% of TVET graduates and 38.4% of polytechnics graduates were underemployed. The employment rate of higher education graduates within 6 months after graduation was 76%. The underemployment rate of higher education graduates was 18.5%.

  • Similar to the employment, unemployment and underemployment rate, the longer time gap between graduation and employment was due to lack of job opportunities. However, it was important to note that the weaker the industries in the specific business sectors were, the longer the graduates of relevant fields of study took to secure their first jobs. On the other hand, the higher degree the graduates achieved, the shorter time the graduates took to secure their first jobs, because employers are likely to prefer high degree holders regardless of their business sectors.

  • To better support students after each level of education, there is a need to map all pathways that would orient them based on labor market skill set need and required practical knowledge.

    Justification

  • To provide appropriate support to students, Career Guidance and Counseling Unit was introduced in REB in March 2018 for Rwandan schools with a mandate to conceptualize, develop and ensure the implementation of strategies aiming at addressing social and professional needs for teachers. Additionally, to ensure follow-up on guidance and counseling activities in schools; organize teachers’ trainings in the field of Career Guidance and Counseling. Career Guidance and Counseling Unit has to keep the liaison between districts levels especially District Education Officers and
    other stakeholders involved in Career Guidance and Counseling; develop, produce, distribute and experiment guides for officers in charge of Guidance and Counseling.

  • One of the aims of the Rwandan curriculum is to ensure that young people’s skills are better matched to the needs of the Rwandan, regional, and global labor market, and this is reflected through the emphasis on developing entrepreneurship skills. There is also a specification for teachers to be trained to provide career guidance and counselling, and to raise awareness among young learners of the influence of social factors, behavior and personal attitudes on their futures.

  • Students need appropriate guidance for them to make a better choice after each level of education because many of them are uninformed of their options to progress throughout the education system or to work programmes.

  • It is against this background that UNICEF and MINEDUC/REB are hiring an individual consultant to support MINEDUC and REB to develop career pathways from P6 to tertiary level. The mapping of pathway and the development of career options would enable Rwandan children and youth to take options that are suitable and would save the country from wastage in education and lead to employment.

    Objectives

    Specifically, the objectives of the ToR are for support to MINEDUC/REB to:

  • Assess how learners form their opinions around career choice including when and who and what influences these choices.

  • Map all pathways that learners would go for and recommend options that learners would take from Primary, Secondary, TVET, and Higher Education.

  • Identify all opportunities (internships, on-job training, apprenticeship, etc.) that are available to learners and match them to mapped pathways.

  • Identify platforms where learners can get career guidance information and the challenges faced by adolescent to access these information or available options. Analyze challenges of different options and provide recommendations thereof.

    Work Assignment

    This consultancy has the following specific tasks:

  • Map pathways from Primary, Secondary, TVET, and Higher Education.

  • Produce a report which details (a) how learners form their choices, (b) possible pathways at each level and different options for students; (c) platforms for adolescents to get career information and challenges they face as well as (d) an analysis of challenges on different options and (e) recommendations.

  • Develop a brochure that summarizes pathways and possible options to choose from.

    Deliverables

    The successful completion of this consultancy will meet the following deliverables:

  • An inception report detailing the understanding of the scope of work and the methodology to use on this assignment.

  • Mapping of pathways from Primary, Secondary, TVET, and Higher Education.

  • Concise report detailing how learners form their choices, possible pathways at each level and different options for students; platforms for adolescents to get career information and challenges they face as well as an analysis of challenges on different options and recommendations.

  • A brochure summarizing all pathways and possible options to choose from.

    Note: This work will be multi-sectoral and involve different Government Ministries and development partners to be expansive and inclusive as possible, from national-level programmes, to rural-level opportunities. The consultant will use human-centered design and adolescent-centered approach, encouraging active and meaningful participation throughout the consultation process.

    How to Apply

  • For more information and job application details, see; UNICEF National Individual Consultancy for the Development of Career Guidance Pathways in Rwanda

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