ILO Review of National Policy, Legislative and Regulatory Frameworks, and Practice: Jobs in Ethiopia

ILO Review of National Policy, Legislative and Regulatory Frameworks, and Practice: Jobs in Ethiopia


  • The world is witnessing the highest levels of displacement on record. In recent years, forced displacement has increased in scale and complexity.

  • According to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), in 2019 there were over 79.5 million forcibly displaced persons, of whom 30.2 million were refugees and asylum-seekers.

  • Eighty-four percent of the world’s displaced are in developing countries and more than half are women.

  • As displacement has become increasingly protracted, responses are focusing more on durable solutions backed by more dignified, inclusive and comprehensive development programmes for refugees and the communities that host them.

  • The aim is to enhance self-reliance, facilitate empowerment and strengthen social cohesion.


  • The consultancy entitled, “The National Policy, Legislative and Regulatory Frameworks and Practice Review”, aims to establish baseline situations in four countries in East Africa - Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan.

  • It will look at relevant policy, legislative and regulatory frameworks and current practice in terms of implementation in relation to the access of refugees to the labour markets, employment, livelihood and training opportunities, including self-employment and business development.

  • This will provide ILO PROSPECTS programme teams a clear understanding of the current status of these frameworks and how they are being applied (or not).

  • As the Partnership begins planning its interventions around policy advocacy and supporting government and other efforts to develop or reform relevant frameworks on access to education and training, active labour market programmes, the right to work and rights at work, including social security and protection and freedom of association, an understanding of the current political, legal, and regulatory environment in regards to those with refugee status is required for each of the targeted countries.

  • Importantly, it will also provide a comparison on national policies and legislation against what actually happens in practice thereby revealing the capacities and abilities of government ministries, institutions, social partners and non-government actors to enact and implement and inform further capacity-building interventions.

    Specific Objectives

  • The consultant, in close collaboration with and under the technical supervision of IMPACT Initiatives, an NGO with expertise in designing and conducting research for actors in the humanitarian and development sector, will be required to:

  • Identify relevant policies, legislation and regulations and analyse them in regards to the refugees’ access to employment, livelihood, and training opportunities, and to rights at work.

  • Identify and review the literature
    and secondary data sources on policy, legislation and regulations, and assess their actual implementation on the ground, thereby avoiding duplication of existing legal reviews and studies and leveraging these sources where relevant.

  • Conduct a Gap Analysis against the assessment framework that highlights implementation gaps, and needs and expectations.

  • Conduct key informant interviews of identified national and international actors to assess the practical application of policy, legislative and regulatory frameworks and identify challenges that will need to be addressed.

  • Conduct KI interviews with refugees and host communities, and also focus group discussions, to better assess knowledge and understanding of these policy, legislative and regulatory frameworks.

  • Conduct validation exercises in Ethiopia to ensure the establishment of key recommendations going forward in terms of identifying gaps and challenges that can be addressed through the PROSPECTS and related programmes, including policy advocacy and supporting either policy, legislation and regulatory development and/or reform as appropriate.

  • Develop Ethiopia country level report that summarize the main findings and possible recommendations for the PROSPECTS programme at the country level.

  • The consultant will be expected to conduct these activities only for their country of focus, however, it is important to note the consultant’s research and subsequent report will be expected to follow a predetermined assessment framework that will allow for their findings to be comparable against other countries identified for this study.

  • The findings from all countries will be eventually aggregated into a global-level analysis report. Further details are outlined in the methodology section below.

    How to Apply

  • Interested applicants should submit their technical and financial proposal as well as other supporting documents outlined above via email to

  • Carole Turcato ( and Fatma Kaya ( citing “Review of National Policy, Legislative and Regulatory Frameworks, and Practice: A Baseline Study for Ethiopia” as a subject, no later than 15 May 2021. Clarification questions may be submitted until 9 May 2021 and the ILO will respond to questions latest by 11 May 2021

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