Bourgeois versus Bourgeoisie

What is the Difference Between Bourgeois and Bourgeoisie?


When to Use Bourgeoisie

Bourgeoisie is a loanword from French and functions as a noun. It refers to the middle class of a society or the group of people between the poor and the wealthy upper class.


When to Use Bourgeois

Bourgeois, like bourgeoisie, is a loanword from French. Unlike bourgeoisie, though, it can be either a noun or an adjective.

As a noun, it has a similar meaning to bourgeoisie, where it means the middle class. Bourgeois can also refer to a specific member of the middle class, in other words, an individual person.

As an adjective, it means of or pertaining to the middle class. In practice, this term is usually used derogatively, with connotations of privilege, isolation from real social problems, arrogance, or vanity. This is also the origin of the term bougie.

Summary

Is it bourgeoisie or bourgeois? Bourgeoisie is a French loanword that means the middle class. Bourgeois also refers to the middle class, but it can also refer to an individual middle class person or be used as an adjective that refers to characteristics of the middle class.

To summarize,

Bourgeoisie is a noun that means the middle class.
Bourgeois is an adjective that describes characteristics of the middle class.


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