Constituencies: Turkana North, Turkana West, Turkana Central, Loima, Turkana South, Turkana East.
Turkana County is a county in the former Rift Valley Province of Kenya. Turkana is the largest and also the north-western most county in Kenya. It is bordered by the countries of Uganda to the west; South Sudan and Ethiopia, including the disputed Ilemi Triangle, to the north and northeast; and Lake Turkana to the east. To the south and east, neighbouring counties in Kenya are West Pokot , Baringo and Samburu Counties, while Marsabit County is located on the opposite (i.e. eastern) shore of Lake Turkana.
Four sites of Stone Age cultures are situated upon tributaries along the west side of Lake Turkana in West Turkana; at Lokalalei, Kokiselei and Nadung, and became of interest to archaeology beginning sometime during 1988.
The earliest late Stone age industries date to 12,000 b.p.
Direct influence by colonial forces, in the form of pacification within the district began in 1900 and ended in 1918.
During 1926 the entire Turkana people were subjugated to a body of the British military who subsequently restricted their movements to an area of Kenya, forcing these to settle in the area known now as the Turkana County.
During 1958 the district experienced an influx of a number of people classified as belonging to the Turkana people expelled from the Kenyan settlement Isiolo town to be forcibly relocated to the Turkana district by persons of the then British colonial administration.
The district maintained an all but complete isolation from influences of any other countries peoples until the time during 1976 when road-blocks on entering the district were ceased.
The people of the north of the county were reported (2000) endangered by marauding Ethiopians and consequently forced to settle in southerly locations.
The land is known in the local language as Aturksven.
Some place names in the country are attributed to the language of the Pokot and Samburu peoples, representing a tradition in the area of inhabitation by these peoples prior to displacement by the Turkana.
The county is within the boundaries of the former Rift Valley province. According to data provided during 1991 the majority of the population at that time lived by way of farming.
With an area of nearly 77,000 km2, Turkana is the largest county in Kenya. Its capital and largest town is Lodwar. The county has a population of 855,399 (2009 census).
Turkana County is emerging to be a major source of electric power in Kenya. Kengen's Turkwel Hydro Power Plant, situated on the southwest of Turkana County, produces hydroelectric power which is connected to the national power grid at Lessos. The county is current subject of crude oil exploration in Block 10BB and Block 13T and has potential for geothermal, solar and wind energy.
Kekarongole and Katilu had irrigation networks made commencing sometime during or after 1975.
Rainfall measuremnets per annum (1982 data) is recorded as less than ten inches; with a range of between 115mm and 650mm.
There were thirteen drought periods in a period of 50 years beginning 1938. Economics
On 26 March 2012, Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki announced that oil had been discovered in Turkana County after exploratory drilling by Anglo-Irish firm Tullow Oil, and he further stated that
“It is... the beginning of a long journey to make our country an oil producer, which typically takes in excess of three years. We shall be giving the nation more information as the oil exploration process continues.” Gold panning was reported (2005) as occurring at Lochoremoit, Namoruputh, Lokiriama and Ng, akoriyiek.
Districts in Turkana County: Turkana South, Turkana East, Turkana West, Turkana North, Turkana Central.
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