KCSE Past Papers History 2015 

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Paper 1

SECTION A (25 marks)

Answer all the questions in this section in the answer booklet provided.

1 Define the term ‘pre-history’. (l mark)

2 Identify two sub-groups of the Kalenjin speakers.(2 marks)

3 State two functions of the council of elders among the Somali. (2 marks)

4 State two economic activities of thev_Akamba during the pre-colonial period. (2 marks)

5 Name the winds that aided the early visitors to come to the Kenyan coast up to 1500 AD. (1 mark)

6 Give two reasons why Seyyid Said moved his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar. (2 marks)

7 Give two peaceful methods of resolving conflicts in Kenya. (2 marks)

8 State two ways in which direct democracy is exercised in Kenya. (2 marks)

9 Give one reason Why the British used indirect rule in some parts of Kenya. (1 mark)

10 Identify two education commissions established in Kenya before independence. (2 marks)

11 Name the body that made laws in Kenya during the colonial period. (1 mark)

12 Outline two problems experienced by political associations in Kenya up to 1939. (2 marks)

13 Who formed the Kenya Peoples’ Union in 1966? (1 mark)

14 Give one type of parliamentary election held in Kenya. (1 mark)

15 Name one ex-official member of the Senate in Kenya. (1 mark)

16 State one feature of African socialism in Kenya. (1 mark)

17 Identify one type of public revenue expenditure by the National Government of Kenya. (1 mark)

SECTION B (45 marks)

Answer any three questions from this section in the answer booklet provided.

18 (a) Give five reasons which influenced the migration of the Abagusii into Kenya during the pre-colonial period. (5 marks)

(b)Discuss five effects of migration and settlement of the Plain Nilotes during the pre-colonial period. (10 marks)

19 (a) State five reasons for the Portuguese success inthe conquest of the Kenyan coast. (5 marks)

(b) Explain five social effects of the Indian Ocean Trade on the people of the Kenyan coast up to 1500 AD. (10 marks)

20 (a) Give five reasons for the construction of the Uganda railway. (5 marks)

(b) Explain five problems encountered during the construction of the Uganda railway.(10 marks)

21 (a)State five factors that facilitated the Man Mau movement. (5 marks)

(b)Explain five roles played by the trade union movement in the struggle for independence in Kenya. (10 marks)

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer any two questions from this section in the answer booklet provided.

22 (a) Give three factors that led to the introduction of multi-party democracy in Kenya in the early 1990s. (3 marks)

(b)Describe six achievements of multi-party democracy in Kenya. (12 marks)

23 (a) State three functions of the Chief Justice in Kenya. (3 marks)

(b)Explain six problems facing Judiciary in Kenya. (12 marks)

24 (a)State three ways in which the National Government relates with the County Governments. (3 marks)

(b)Explain six challenges faced by the County Governments in Kenya. (12 marks)


Paper 2

SECTION A (25 marks)

Answer all the question in this section.

1 Identify two branches of history. (2 marks)

2 State one theory that explains how early agriculture developed. (1 mark)

3 Identify two methods of irrigation used in ancient Egypt. 1 (2 marks)

4 Give two features of the_Roman roads_by 300 AD. g A (2 marks)

5 State one advantage of horn blowing as a means of communication during the pre-colonial period. (1 mark)

6 Identify the main source of energy used in the early stages of Industrial Revolution in Europe; (1 mark)

7 State one advantage of using steel over iron during the Industrial Revolution in Europe. (1 mark)

8 Give the main factor that contributed to the emergence of Johannesburg as a modern urban centre (1 mark)

9 Identify two methods used by the European powers to acquire colonies in Africa. (2 marks)

10 Name the European power that colonized Zimbabwe. (1 mark)

11 Identify two types of weapons used during the cold war. (2 marks)

12 State one way in which members of Non-Aligned Movement maintain neutrality in world affairs. (1 mark)

13 Give two functions of the East African Legislative Assembly of the East African Community 2001 .(2 marks)

14 State one function of the Court of Justice of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). (1 mark)

15 Identify two principles of the Arusha Declaration of 1967. (2 marks)

16 Give two categories of persons who are disqualified from contesting for a constituency seat in Britain. (2 marks)

17 Name one house of parliament in India. (1 mark)

SECTION B (45 marks) Answer three questions from this section.

18 (a) State five stages of evolution of man. (5 marks)

(b) Describe the way of life of human being during the Late Stone Age period. (10 marks)

19 (a) State five disadvantages of using barter trade during the Trans-Saharan trade. (5 marks)

(b)Describe the organization of the Trans-Saharan Trade. (10 marks)

20 (a)Identify five forms of print media used in communication. (5 marks)

(b)Explain five positive effects of telecommunication is society. (10 marks)

21 (a) State five factors that promoted nationalism in Ghana. (5 marks)

(b)Explain five factors that contributed to the success of the Front for the Liberation of the Mozambique (FRELIMO) in the struggle for independence in Mozambique. (10 marks)

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer two questions from this section.

22 (a) Give three functions of the Lukiiko in the kingdom of Buganda during the pre-colonial period. (3 marks)

(b) Discuss six factors that led to the growth of the Asante empire by the 19th century. (12 marks)

23 (a) Give three reasons why the United States of America did not join the First World War until 1917. (3 marks)

(b)Explain six effects of the First World War. (12 marks) 24 (a)State three common characteristics of the Commonwealth member states. (3 marks)

(b)Describe six achievements of the Commonwealth since its formation. (12 marks)

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